Radon is one of the naturally existing chemical elements. It has a melting boint of about -71 ‘C, which means that at temperatures above this, it exists in its gaseous state. It is a colorless and odorless gas, which is why its presence in air can not be detected by human senses and needs proper screening or testing. It occurs as a product of the decaying process of other radioactive elements such as uranium. It is present in underground water supplies like streams and in air around or inside buildings like homes.
Threats from Radon
Radon is a hazard and danger to human health. Epidemiological evidence has shown very obvious relationships between high levels of radon in air and to a number of respiratory disorders. In fact, it has been classified as a carcinogen (cancer causing agent). Common belief is that only miners are under a threat from radon gas, but this is incorrect. It is available at domestic level and threatens people even in buildings and their homes.
The trouble with radon is that you can not see or smell it. So you might be getting radon poisoned, little by little every day. While it is one of the major causes of lung cancer in areas with high level of background radiation, that is a later stage. Earlier symptoms and signs of radon poisoning can be:
– Chest pain
Even for non-smokers, exposure to radon itself can lead to lung cancer. Hence it is important to test for Radon so a proper measure can be taken to eliminate it, for a safer and healthier living environment.
How to know you are exposed to high levels of Radon?
Radon tends to accumulate in buildings that have poor ventilation systems, good insulation systems and are in areas which are known to have deposits of radioactive elements in the soil. It can seep into your house through cracks in the flooring and enter the air you inhale, directly entering your respiratory system.
Radon Testing Milwaukee
Radon testing Milwaukee is a relatively simple process. There are devices to that can detect radon levels in air and give a digital reading. The testing can be short term or long term.
Short term testing
It is a test that has a duration of 2 to 3 days. During these days, it is ideal to keep the house or building enclosed as much as possible i.e by keeping windows and vents shut. Numerous devices are then used to detect and measure radon levels in the air. These devices include: charcoal cannisters, alpha track detectors, charcoal liquid scintillation detectors and continuous monitors.
Long term testing
Long-term radon testing Milwaukee is done to measure radon levels over a period of 90 days, as these levels fluctuate greatly. An electric ion chamber detector is mostly used for long term testing.
Luckily, Testing kits and detectors are cheap and readily available. There are many home maintenance companies that provide testing services too, for more accuarte and reliable results. It is better not risk human health and get the testing done every once in a while.